Research into the impact of online gambling is needed to better understand whether Internet gambling leads to gambling disorders. However, few longitudinal studies have examined the problem gambling rates of Internet gamblers. In addition, few Internet operators have shared data for research purposes or implemented strategies to detect problem gamblers. This suggests that there is little evidence to support a causal relationship between Internet gambling problems.
Some states have enacted legislation that restricts or bans online gambling. However, the U.S. Department of Justice has argued that all forms of Internet gambling are illegal. The House of Representatives’ Committee on Judiciary recently held a hearing on this topic. However, the Fifth Circuit has ruled that the Department of Justice’s position is incorrect.
Some countries do not allow online gambling, but most states and provinces in Canada and the European Union allow it. There are also several nations in the Caribbean where online gambling is legal. However, online gambling services must be licensed in order to operate in those countries. The United Kingdom Gambling Commission and the Pennsylvania Gaming Control Board are examples of online gambling licensing authorities.
Online gambling occurs on internet-based platforms where casino games developed by gambling software providers are hosted. Players need a computer or mobile device with a stable internet connection to access online casinos. They must fund their betting accounts to start playing. If they win, their winnings are placed directly into their accounts.